By employing a combination of genetic testing and questionnaires, German scientists found that with growing dopamine level in the brain, women were inclined to demonstrate greater inclinations to procrastinate. The research was published in the journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. When metacontrol is not sufficient, people let other activities to divert them from the particular action needed to meet their goal. This leads to the development of severe procrastination.
Procrastination can be defined as willingly putting off particular goal-oriented activities. Individuals who do things immediately rather than putting them off demonstrate good metacontrol. The researchers highlighted that metacontrol is a blend of control over motivation, cognition, and emotions. This lets an individual assess the amount of effort and control needed to achieve a specific goal. This information leads to drive the action towards that goal. Scientists proclaimed that these control pathways are associated with the release of dopamine in the brain.
On a similar note, scientists from the University of Kent disclosed that they have developed a novel technique to determine gene function. This technique is considered as a breakthrough that might have key implications on the present comprehension of the processes of life. A research team from the University’s School of Biosciences created a novel computational approach. The team proclaimed that this approach allowed them to assign activities to genes whose function so far was unknown.
One approach to advance understanding of the requirements and basic features of life is to produce organisms that have a minimal genome, i.e. the smallest number of genes that facilitate life. Magdalena Antczak and Dr. Mark Wass were involved in the study of the organism with the minnow genome generated so far—based on Mycoplasma mycoides, a bacterium grown in a healthy habitat. It includes about 473 genes, almost one-third (149) of which hold an unidentified function.